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Antonia Ramis Miguel
Alceu Ribeiro
Edgardo Ribeiro
Joaquin Torres-Garcia
      Joaquin Torres García was born July 28th 1874 in Montevideo, Uruguay.

      Torres García moved with his entire family to Spain in June 1891; he was 17 years old. His father's family proceeded directly from Mataró, Spain. Torres García began to attend a local academy by day where he learned the basics of trade and at night attended drawing classes in an Arts academy. His family decided to settle in Barcelona which enabled Torres García to enroll in the School of Fine Arts (Escuela de Bellas Artes de Barcelona). In 1898, Torres García matriculated in the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc.

      In 1901 Torres García started to paint frescoes. He began painting murals, first with Adrià Gual and later with the famous Catalan architect Antonio Gaudí on "The Sagrada Familia" Cathedral; Barcelona. Gaudí hired him as well to work in the interior restoration of the "Santa María" Cathedral of Palma de Mallorca.

      In 1909 he marries Manolita Piña. In 1920, at age 46, Torres García moves with his family to Paris. From there he set off for New York City, where he met several Spanish artists. He also met Max Weber, the musician Edgar Varèse, Charles Logasa, John Xcéron, the Whitney sisters, the painters Joseph Stella, David Karfunkle, Marcel Duchamp, and Man Ray, among others. In this same period, he met Michel Seuphor, who presented him to Jean and Sophie Arp, Adya and Otto Van Rees, Luigi Russolo, and Georges Vantongerloo. Torres García was soon admitted to the group's meetings, which were headed by Piet Mondrian.

      In these meetings were forged the nucleus of the future group Cercle et Carré ("Circle and Square"), promoter of the first exhibition of constructivist and abstract art in 1930. Torres García contributed to constructivism with the order and logic found in rules of composition such as the golden ratio and the inclusion of symbolic figures that represent man, knowledge, science, and the city. In 1932, he left Paris because of the economic crisis and took up residence in the Madrid establishing in 1933 the "Grupo Constructivo."

      In 1934, a year and a half after his arrival from Paris, Torres García decided to move for the last time to Uruguay to his native Montevideo, where he was received as a member of the European artistic elite. Little after Torres García founded the Uruguay Society of Arts. In 1934, Torres García was named honorary professor of the Faculty of Architecture of Montevideo and in 1935 he published a book titled "Estructura". Torres Garcia published numerous writings and books about constructivism; receiving a great homage with the participation of Pablo Picasso, Gregori Marañón, Pablo Neruda, Lipschitz, Braque, and Ozenfant. That year he also published his own artistic theory, called "Universalismo Constructivo" ("Constructive Universalism").

      He founded "The School of the South" where he taught to a large number of students from where well known paintes would result; among them Edgardo Ribeiro and his brother Alceu Ribeiro. Joaquin Torres García died in Montevideo in August 1949 at age 75; having changed the face of modern art in Uruguay; with his art, teaching, and given in numerous conferences and producing numerous books and writings about constructivism.